Artificial Intelligence or ‘AI’ is the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks of intelligent beings (Copeland, 2018). Artificial Intelligence has gained popularity in the automobile industry introducing driverless and self-driving cars as well as virtual assistants in the car. The development of AI has progressed and now driverless autos have turned into a reality.
Most self-driving cars have a Global Positioning System, GPS unit and a scope of sensors. These enable the auto to construct a guide and decide its best route without hazardous moves. The moves are then bolstered into the actuators which handle controlling, throttle, and braking. At a particular time, if any function fails to perform, it causes major risk to the user as well as the surroundings.
Introduction of these cars has many drawbacks to it, the most basic one being elimination of many jobs in the transportation sector. This could have a negative impact on the unemployment rate and the economy (Auto Insurance Centre, 2018).
Self-driving cars can be hacked similarly to any other processing gadget. There is a plausibility of terror attacks where the oppressor could access a self-governing vehicle and utilize it as a weapon. Overwhelming precipitation meddles with the laser sensors and snow can cause disturbance in the camera view. Mishaps caused by such vehicles are additionally hard to examine as there is nobody particular to consider in charge of the harm.
Cars equipped with artificial intelligence work only on well-marked roads. Thus, unpaved roads with no on-road signals are dangerous. Paved roads too have faded paint, obscured signs and unusual intersections that will be an issue. Reading human behaviour such as hand signals is also a task for the developing technology. It’s an algorithmic nightmare to see cars sliding, swerving in and out and speeding up unexpectedly. While autonomous cars are constantly analysing the changes, they lack the basic emotional intelligence to understand what to do.
The increase in data and guidance provided to the newly developed technologies imposes a risk on humanity. A popular word—singularity—has been coined to describe the moment when machines become smarter, and maybe more powerful than humans. (Miller, 2018) The singularity is a point in the future, an event horizon of sorts, where humans no longer have control of technology. It will be under the control of a superior artificial intelligence. (Techopedia, 2018)
The article is been written by Rhythm Gauba, an NMIMS School of Design student, under the mentorship of Prof. Poornima Nair.